One of the many types of crosses in heraldry, the tau-cross was among the oldest iconographic representations of the cross. It was associated with the founder of monasticism, St. Anthony the Great, and symbolized piety, protection and obedience.
The expression `three quarter' describes a type of helmet which left a large part of the knight's face uncovered. This type of helmet could face either the dexter or the sinister side of the shield. It stood for warrior spirit and strength.
This bearing, similar to the diamond-shaped lozenge, is pierced in the middle. It was used in medieval armours, and therefore signifies warrior spirit and protection.
A charged derived from medieval architecture which sometimes stood for an entire castle; the tower with turrets was symbolic of protection and vigilance. Through its association with the heavenly Jerusalem, it was also a symbol of piety.
The trefoil is a device derived from nature, and is the traditional heraldic charge used for Ireland. It symbolizes justice, perpetuity, hope and perseverance.
A bird described as `trussed' or `closed' is emblazoned with its wings addorsed, sitting and resting. This attitude may be seen as the counterpart of the `sejant' attitude taken by animals. It symbolizes peace, temperance and patience.
The hand as well as the leg appeared occurred as charges more than one would expect nowadays. While the hand signified faith, sincerity and justice, one of its variants - two hands clasped or conjoined - suggested unity and thus symbolized peace and loyalty.